EMS Technical Assistance

The CPSM Approach

Fire Departments provide emergency medical services in addition to fire suppression duties. In this project, we will analyze EMS call data to provide a comprehensive review of emergency medical services including a detailed analysis of workloads and response times. The analysis of the workloads will begin with an in-depth study of the types of calls handled and their severity. The goal is to explicate the fundamental nature of the emergency medical challenge faced by the community’s Fire Department. We will pay special attention to the most critical emergencies such as heart attack and serious vehicular accidents. We will also look at the level of EMS care being provided and evaluate the options and impacts of providing EMS care at the EMT, Intermediate or Paramedic levels.

For each call type, we will determine the time spent on-scene and the manpower personnel who worked the scene. These data will be aggregated to determine an overall average total time spent on fire calls per 24-hour period for each ambulance company and the unit hour utilization (UHU). We will also determine how much EMS calls contribute to the workload of fire engine companies since they also respond to most calls. We will document any dramatic variations by time of day and day of week as well as seasonal variations.

Response time is an important statistic in emergency service systems. We will determine not only average response time but also the distribution of response times for different call categories, by location and by time of day and seasonal variability. We will also identify and review calls that experienced unusually long response times.